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Dry mouth treatment Dry mouth is a symptom that leads to a lack of saliva. Individuals with dry mouth do not have enough saliva to keep the mouth wet.The condition is also informally known as xerostomia, pasties, cottonmouth, drooth, doughmouth, or des.This article will look at the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of dry mouth.Dehydration: This is caused by lack of sufficient fluids.Exercising or playing in the heat: The salivary glands may become dry as bodily fluids are concentrated elsewhere in the body. Dry mouth symptoms are more likely if the exercise or playing continues for a long time.Some health conditions, illnesses, and habits can cause dry mouth, such as:anxiety disordersdepressionHIV/AIDSParkinson's diseasepoorly controlled diabetesSjögren's syndromesleeping with the mouth opensnoringstroke and Alzheimer's disease, although these are more likely to cause a perception of dry mouth even when the salivary glands are functioning appropriatelySymptomsSigns and symptoms of dry mouth may include:bad breathcheilitis, or inflammation and fissuring (splitting or cracking) of the lipscracking and fissuring of the oral mucosa, or inner lining of the cheeks and lips, in which skin at the corners of the mouth may split or become soredryness in the mouthdysgeusia, or taste disordersfungal infections in the mouth, such as thrushglossodynia, or a painful tongueincreased need to drink water, especially at nightinflammation of the tongue, tongue ulcerslipstick sticking to teethmore frequent gum diseasemore tooth decay and plaqueproblems speakingproblems swallowing and chewing - especially dry and crumbly foods, such as crackers or cerealsproblems wearing dentures - problems with denture retention, denture sores, and the tongue sticking to the palatesialadenitis, a salivary gland infectiona sore throatsticky salivastringy salivaRemediesThere are many ways to keep the mouth lubricated and prevent the symptoms of dry mouth.These include:sipping non-carbonated, sugar-free fluidschewing gum that contains xylitolusing a carboxymethyl cellulose saliva substitute as a mouthwash may helpavoiding mouthwashes that contain alcoholnot wear dentures during sleep.eating foods such as carrots or celerybreathing through the nose, as this does not dry the mouth to the same extent as breathing through the mouth does.using a humidifier to add moisture to a bedroom, which may help reduce dry mouth symptoms that develop during sleep.Individuals should avoid:chewing or smoking tobaccosugary foods or drinksacidic foods or drinksdry foodsspicy foodsastringentsexcessively hot or cold drinksAlcohol consumption should be kept to a minimum or avoided altogether, and caffeine should be only be consumed in moderation.Treatment:Stimulating saliva production: Medication may be prescribed to stimulate the production of saliva, such as pilocarpine (Salagen) or cevimeline (Evoxac).Experts say that symptomatic treatment for dry mouth typically includes four areas:increasing the flow of salivareplacing lost secretionscontrolling dental cariesspecific measures, such as treating infectionsA person with dry mouth should pay special attention to oral/dental hygiene. This includes plaque removal and treatment of gingival infections, inflammation, and dental caries. Brushing teeth and flossing regularly is important.Dr. PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU-DR SAAGU TOOTH ART-14-SCF, BLOCK-ISARABHA NAGAR LUDHIANA M-9876044222www.drsaagutoothart.in- best dentist Ludhiana -best Dental Clinic Ludhiana -top dentist Ludhiana -top dental Clinic ludhiana
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Lichen planus treatment Ludhiana Oral lichen planus (LIE-kun PLAY-nus) is an ongoing (chronic) inflammatory condition that affects mucous membranes inside your mouth. Oral lichen planus may appear as white, lacy patches; red, swollen tissues; or open sores. These lesions may cause burning, pain or other discomfort.SymptomsSigns and symptoms of oral lichen planus affect the mucous membranes of the mouth.AppearanceThe lesions may appear as:Lacy, white, raised patches of tissuesRed, swollen, tender patches of tissuesOpen soresLocationThese lesions may appear on the:Inside of the cheeks, the most common locationGumsTongueInner tissues of the lipsPalatePain or discomfortThe white, lacy patches may not cause discomfort when they appear on the inside of the cheeks. However, symptoms accompanying red, swollen patches and open sores may include:Burning sensation or painSensitivity to hot, acidic or spicy foodsBleeding and irritation with tooth brushingInflammation of the gums (gingivitis)Painful, thickened patches on the tongueDiscomfort when speaking, chewing or swallowingTreatmentOral lichen planus is a chronic condition. There is no cure, so the treatment focuses on helping severe lesions heal and reducing pain or other discomfort. Your doctor will monitor your condition to determine the appropriate treatment or stop treatment as necessary.If you have no pain or discomfort and if only white, lacy lesions are present, you may not need any treatment. For more severe symptoms, you may need one or more of the options below.Symptomatic treatmentTreatments such as topical numbing agents can be used to provide temporary relief for areas that are particularly painful.CorticosteroidsCorticosteroids may reduce inflammation related to oral lichen planus. One of these forms may be recommended:Topical. Mouthwash, ointment or gel is applied directly to the mucous membrane — the preferred method.Oral. Corticosteroids are taken as a pill for a limited amount of time.Injection. The medication is injected directly into the lesion.Dr. PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU-DR SAAGU TOOTH ART-14-SCF, BLOCK-ISARABHA NAGAR LUDHIANA M-9876044222www.drsaagutoothart.in-best Dentist Ludhiana -best Dental Clinic ludhiana - top dentist Ludhiana -top dental Clinic ludhiana
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White patches on teeth Enamel is the hard, protective outer layer of your teeth. Enamel hypoplasia is a defect of the enamel that only occurs while teeth are still developing. Still, it can affect both baby teeth and permanent teeth. The condition results in thin enamel, which makes your teeth vulnerable to dental decay.The visual signs of enamel hypoplasia include white spots, pits, and grooves on the outer surface of the teeth.Tooth enamel is the hardest substance in your body, but it doesn’t contain living cells and can’t repair itself or improve on its own. So, if you or your child has enamel hypoplasia, you’ll need to have a dentist monitor your teeth and act quickly to repair problem areas.What are the symptoms?Some of the signs of enamel hypoplasia are obvious, but others are more difficult to detect and may not be noticeable until they cause major dental problems. Having thin tooth enamel can lead to:pits, tiny groves, depressions, and fissureswhite spotsyellowish-brown stains (where the underlying layer of dentin is exposed)sensitivity to heat and coldlack of tooth contact, irregular wearing of teethsusceptibility to acids in food and drinkretention of harmful bacteriaincreased vulnerability to tooth decay and cavitiesWhat causes it?Defective enamel development can be the result of an inherited condition called amelogenesis imperfecta, or congenital enamel hypoplasia, which is estimated to affect about 1 in 14, 000 people in the United States. This condition can also cause unusually small teeth and a variety of dental problems. Congenital enamel hypoplasia can happen alone or as part of a syndrome affecting other parts of the body.Other hereditary syndromes that can cause enamel hypoplasia are:Usher syndromeSeckel syndromeEllis-van Creveld syndromeTreacher Collins syndromeotodental syndrome22q11 deletion syndrome (velocardiofacial syndrome)Heimler syndromeEnamel hypoplasia can also result from prenatal issues such as:maternal vitamin D deficiencymaternal weight gainmaternal smokingmaternal drug uselack of prenatal carepremature birth or low birth weightEnvironmental factors and other problems in infancy that can cause enamel hypoplasia include:trauma to the teethinfectioncalcium deficiencydeficiencies of vitamins A, C, or Djaundice, liver diseaseceliac diseasecerebral palsy due to maternal or fetal infectionHow is it treated?Early screening and diagnosis are crucial. That’s why children should see a dentist sometime between the appearance of their first tooth and their first birthday.Treatment depends on the severity of the problem. Goals of treatment are to:prevent tooth decaymaintain a good bitepreserve tooth structurekeep teeth looking their bestSome of the smaller defects that aren’t causing decay or sensitivity may not need treatment right away. They still require monitoring, though. Your dentist will probably want to apply topical fluoride to help protect teeth.In the case of sensitivity, cavities, or tooth structure showing wear, treatment options include:Resin-bonded sealant. This can improve tooth sensitivity.Resin-based composite fillings. These can be made to closely match tooth color, which makes them ideal for use on front or back teeth. They’re also quite durable.Dental amalgam fillings. These are made from a combination of durable metals. Due to the silver color, you may not want them on your front teeth.Gold fillings. Like dental amalgam fillings, gold fillings are durable but lack a natural look. They also tend to be the most expensive.Crowns. These completely cover the tooth.Enamel microabrasion. This is a minimally invasive procedure to improve appearance of the teeth.Professional dental whitening.There are cases in which a permanent tooth is so malformed that it may be best to extract it. If so, you might want to consult with an orthodontist first.Here are a few other tips for keeping your teeth as healthy as possible:Brush at least twice a day using a soft toothbrush.If cold sensitivity is a problem, rinse with lukewarm water.Keep sugary and acidic foods and drinks to a minimum, and always brush and rinse thoroughly after consuming them.See your dentist regularly for check-ups and whenever you suspect a problem.Dr. PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU-DR SAAGU TOOTH ART-14-SCF, BLOCK-ISARABHA NAGAR LUDHIANA M-9876044222www.drsaagutoothart.in-BEST DENTIST LUDHIANA BEST DENTIST IN LUDHIANA BEST DENTAL CLINIC LUDHIANA TOP DENTIST IN LUDHIANA
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Tooth Fillings Ludhiana A filling helps to restore a tooth damaged by decay back to its normal function and shape, and helps prevent further decay by eliminating areas where bacteria can enter the tooth. Your dentist will consider a number of factors when choosing which type of filling material is best for you; this includes the extent of the repair, whether you have allergies to certain dental materials, where in your mouth the filling is needed and the cost.There are various types of fillings available including:Composite Fillings – A composite resin filling is made from a mixture of plastic and fine glass particles and matches the color of the tooth. Thus, composite fillings are used most often on front teeth or the visible parts of the tooth. Composite fillings bond directly to the tooth, reducing the drilling needed (like for a amalgam filling) and they are stronger than amalgam fillings.Amalgam Fillings – Amalgam fillings are made from a mixture of metals including mercury and silver, and thus doesn’t match the color of your teeth. This type of filling is used most often for fillings in the back teeth. These fillings are very strong and usually last at least ten years if not longer.Gold Fillings – Gold fillings are made from gold allow which is extremely durable. This type of filling lasts longer than any other type. Gold fillings do not match the natural color of your teeth and are expensive, they usually cost six to ten times more than amalgam.Ceramic Fillings – Ceramic fillings are made of porcelain and are tooth colored, so they look natural. Ceramic fillings are more brittle than composite resin and can break but they are also more resistant to staining. Ceramic fillings are expensive, and can cost as much or more than gold fillings.Glass Ionomer – Glass Ionomer fillings are made from acrylic and fluoroaluminosilicate, a component of glass. This type of filling is very strong and most often used in people with a lot of decay in the part of the tooth that extends below the gum. It is also used for filling baby teeth.To help minimize the pain associated with getting a filling, your dentist may choose to administer a local anesthetic, like Lidocaine. Next, your dentist will remove decay from the tooth, using a drill or laser.Once all the decay is removed, your dentist will shape the space to prepare it for the filling. Different types of fillings require different shaping procedures to make sure they will stay in place. Your dentist may put in a base or a liner inside the tooth to protect the tooth's pulp (where the nerves are).Certain types of fillings get hardened by a special light. With these fillings, your dentist will layer the material, stopping several times to shine a bright light on the resin. This cures (hardens) the material and makes it strong.Finally, after the filling is placed, your dentist will use burs to finish and polish the tooth surface.After a filling procedure, there are a variety of side effects that can occur after the anesthesia wears off. The tooth may be sensitive to pressure, cold air or liquids or sweet foods. Some people many experience numbness, tingling, and some minor pain around the injection site. These side effects often subside within a few hours of the procedure.Sensitivity should decrease in one to two weeks. Until then, try to avoid anything that causes it. If your tooth is extremely sensitive or your sensitivity does not decrease after two weeks, contact your dentist's office for an appointment.The most common reason for pain right after a filling is that the filling is too high; your dentist can adjust the filling by checking the occlusion (bite) of your teeth and removing sufficient of the excess filling material to decrease the pain.Another less common type of discomfort after a filling is a very sharp shock that appears only when your teeth touch. This is called galvanic shock, and happens when two metals (one in the newly filled tooth and one in the occluding tooth) touch, producing an electric current in your mouth. This would happen, for example, if you had a new amalgam filling in a bottom tooth and had a gold crown in the tooth above it.For more detail consult:----TOOTH ART----DR PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU14-scf , I- Block MarketOpp. Durga Mata MandirSarabha NagarLudhiana-141001M-9876044222L-01612461618drsaagu@yahoo.co.inWeb:drsaagutoothart.i
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