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Latest dental treatment Ludhiana OVERVIEWTaking care of your teeth means more than brushing and flossing. For complete care, it’s important to visit a dentist every six months for a regular checkup and professional cleaning.The first step in this process is to find a dentist with whom you feel comfortable, and then schedule an appointment. Most dental visits are checkups. Regular checkups (ideally every six months) and professional cleaning will help your teeth and gums stay cleaner, last longer and can prevent painful problems from developing.Bringing your little one for a visit? Pediatric dental offices typically offer an environment designed to make children comfortable. Rooms may be decorated with bright colors, animals or fun designs. Waiting rooms often feature a variety of toys. They may even have activity tables or video game consoles available. A fun environment makes the dentist's office a treat for children to visit. They will remain patient and entertained until it's their turn and may even beg to return sooner than needed so they can play more.UNDERSTANDINGOn your first visit, your dentist will take a full health history. On follow-up visits, if your health status has changed, make sure to tell your dentist. Here’s what you can expect during most trips to the dentist, though depending on your oral history, your experience may vary.A Thorough CleaningCheckups almost always include a complete dental cleaning, either from your dentist or a dental hygienist. Using special instruments, a dental hygienist will scrape along and below the gum line, removing built-up plaque and tartar that can cause gum disease, cavities, bad breath and other problems. Your dentist or hygienist will polish and floss your teeth during the visit and instruct you on oral care techniques and products to use at home for improved oral health.A Full Dental ExaminationYour dentist will perform a thorough examination of your teeth, gums and mouth, looking for signs of disease or other problems. The goal is to help maintain your good oral health and to prevent problems from becoming serious by identifying and treating them as soon as possible.X-raysDepending on your age, risks of oral disease and symptoms, your dentist may recommend X-rays. X-rays can diagnose problems otherwise unnoticed, such as damage to jawbones, impacted teeth, abscesses, cysts or tumors, and decay between the teeth. If you are pregnant, inform your dentist, as X-rays should only be taken in emergency situations.PLANNINGIf your teeth and gums are in good shape, you probably won't need to return for six months. If further treatment is required — say to fill a cavity, repair a broken crown or remove a wisdom tooth — you should make an appointment before leaving the dental office.Now, if you’re avoiding dental visits because of some anxiety, the following tips may help you relax and get the attention your teeth need and deserve:Ask friends and familyIf you don’t already have a dentist, ask people you trust about their own dentist and if they are happy with their healthcare provider. Word of mouth is a great way to find a good dentist.Search for a dentist onlineMany dental offices have web sites where you can learn about their practices and the type of services they offer, meet the staff and learn what values and goals the practice wants to achieve with patients. If you have found a few dental practices that look promising, schedule a brief appointment to meet the dentist or ask friends and neighbors if they are patients or if they know anything about them.Talk about your feelingsOnce you choose a dentist; make sure you communicate with the dentist and staff. Don’t be shy! You are not the first patient to feel nervous or anxious. Convey your concerns and fears before a procedure or if you experience any discomfort during your visit. It is very important to have clear and open communication with your dental professional. Talking will make your dental experience more relaxed and pleasant.Ask questionsAsk your dental team to inform you about the type of dental treatment they recommend based upon your unique oral health needs. Once a treatment plan has been developed, ask your dentist to explain the procedures in detail. Knowing what to expect before it happens can help put your mind at ease.RelaxIf you are uptight or nervous prior to a procedure, talk to the dentist about ways to make the experience easier. There are medications to help you relax, and can be prescribed depending on the level of your anxiety. The dentist and staff should make every effort to make your visit comforting and stress-free. Dr. PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU-DR SAAGU TOOTH ART-14-SCF, BLOCK-ISARABHA NAGAR LUDHIANA M-9876044222www.drsaagutoothart.in- [ ]
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Smile designing Dr Saagu Tooth Art----TOOTH ART----DR PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU14-scf , I- Block MarketOpp. Durga Mata MandirSarabha NagarLudhiana-141001M-9876044222L-01612461618drsaagu@yahoo.co.inWeb:drsaagutoothart.inSmile, a person's ability to express a range of emotions with the structure and movement of the teeth and lips, can often determine how well a person can function in society. Of course, the importance given to a beautiful smile is not new. The search for beauty can be traced to the earliest civilizations; both the Phoenicians (app 800 BC) and Etruscians (app 900 BC) carefully carved animal tusks to simulate the shape, form and hue of natural teeth. It was not until the 18th century that dentistry was recognized as a separate discipline and its various branches were established. Pierre Fauchard of France, the leader of the movement, together with several colleagues modernized and promoted dentistry and also advocated esthetic practices. This article reviews the various principles that govern the art of smile designing. The literature search was done using pub med search and medline. Goals of Smile Designing The goal of an esthetic makeover is to develop a peaceful and stable masticatory system, where the teeth, tissues, muscles, skeletal structures and joints all function in harmony .It is very important that when planning treatment for esthetics cases, smile design cannot be isolated from a comprehensive approach to patient care. Achieving a successful, healthy and functional result requires an understanding of the interrelationship among all the supporting oral structures, including the muscles, bones, joints, gingival tissues and occlusion. Components of an Esthetic Smile TopHarmonizing an esthetics smile requires a perfect integration of facial composition and dental composition. The facial composition includes the hard and soft tissues of the face. The dental composition relates more specifically to teeth and their relationship to gingival tissues. A smile design should always include the evaluation and analysis of both facial and dental composition. [3] Facial compositionFacial beauty is based on standard esthetic principles that involve proper alignment, symmetry and proportion of face. Analyzing, evaluating and treatment planning for facial esthetics often involve a multidisciplinary approach which could include orthodontics, orthognathic surgery, periodontal therapy, cosmetic dentistry and plastic surgery. Thus, esthetic approach to patient care produces the best dental and facial beauty. [4]But in our clinical practice, unless and otherwise there is an obvious discrepancy in the
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Best Sterilisation in dental clinic ludhiana Dr Saagu Tooth Art----TOOTH ART----DR PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU14-scf , I- Block MarketOpp. Durga Mata MandirSarabha NagarLudhiana-141001M-9876044222L-01612461618drsaagu@yahoo.co.inWeb:drsaagutoothart.inDental instruments and devices require sterilization or highlevel disinfection. An evaluation of the implementation of such processes was undertaken. Eleven thousand questionnaires on methods used to sterilize and disinfect dental instruments were sent to dental practices and 1391 (13%) were returned for evaluation. Sixty-eight percent of respondents believed they were sterilizing their instruments, however, some of the liquid chemical products used were not suitable for sterilizing instruments, and 12% of respondents used incorrect contact times. Forty-nine percent of respondents did not challenge autoclaves with biological spores to check their function at an acceptable frequency. There were similar product and timing problems when a high-level liquid chemical disinfection was attempted. Although the return sample was small, problems were identified that can and should be corrected. This study demonstrates that the potential for person-to-person transmission of infectious agents such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B and C viruses via inadequately sterilized dental instrument exists depending on the prevalence of HIV in the dental practice area.Instruments used by dentists are often sterilized with steam sterilization. At this moment three types of processes are described in the European norms: Type N, S and B. According to the norms type N can be used for non-wrapped non-hollow instruments and non-porous instruments, type S can be used for instruments specified by the manufacturer and type B can be used for wrapped, hollow and porous instruments. The principles on which the sterilizors are based are described. It is concluded that before purchasing the sterilizor the method of working and instruments to be sterilized must specified. In most cases a type B process is preferable in order to gaurantee to be certain to have an effective and reproducible process.
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Dental implants Ludhiana Tooth loss is very a very common problem; therefore, the use of dental implants is also a common practice. Although research on dental implant designs, materials and techniques has increased in the past few years and is expected to expand in the future, there is still a lot of work involved in the use of better biomaterials, implant design, surface modification and functionalization of surfaces to improve the long-term outcomes of the treatment. This paper provides a brief history and evolution of dental implants. It also describes the types of implants that have been developed, and the parameters that are presently used in the design of dental implants. Finally, it describes the trends that are employed to improve dental implant surfaces, and current technologies used for the analysis and design of the implants.Keywords: Dental implants, History, Design, Surfaces, OsseointegrationIntroductionTooth loss is very common and it can happen as a result of disease and trauma; therefore, the use of dental implants to provide support for replacement of missing teeth has a long and multifaceted history1, 2, 3, 4, 5.Statistics provided by the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons show that 69% of adults ages 35 to 44 have lost at least one permanent tooth to an accident, gum disease, a failed root canal or tooth decay. Furthermore, by age 74, 26% of adults have lost all of their permanent teeth6. Therefore, the use of dental implants reveals that about 100, 000-300, 000 dental implants are placed per year, which approximates the numbers of artificial hip and knee joints placed per year7.Research on dental implant designs, materials and techniques has increased in the past few years and is expected to expand in the future1, 4, 8 due to the recent growth of the global market for dental implants and the rising in the demand for cosmetic dentistry.II. Dental Implant EvolutionThe history of dental implants can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where carved seashells and/or stones were placed into human jaw bone to replace missing teeth. Other documented examples of early implants are those fabricated from noble metals and shaped to recreate natural roots9.Dental implants have a history of several centuries starting with the early civilizations more than 2, 000 years ago in South and North America and regions of the Middle Asia and Mediterranean. Archeological findings have indicated that these civilizations replaced missing teeth using carved stone, shells, bones and gold3, 10.Around 1930s, archaeological excavations in Honduras revealed that the Mayan civilization had the earliest known examples of dental implants, dating from about 600 AD, when a fragment of mandible with implants was found. The specimen had three pieces of shells carved into tooth shapes placed into the sockets of three missing lower incisor teeth. Later on, it was also observed that there was compact bone formation around two of the implants4, 11.In the Middle Ages, dental implantation was performed by using allografts and xenografts. However, this practice didn't become very popular, since it was identified as the reason for infectious diseases and even deaths4, 10.Modern dental implant history starts during World War II when in the years of service in the army, Dr. Norman Goldberg thought about dental restoration using metals that were used to replace other parts of the body12. Later on in 1948, in association with Dr. Aaron Gershkoff, they produced the first successful sub-periosteal implant12. This success formed the foundation of implant dentistry in which they were pioneers in teaching techniques in dental schools and dental societies around the world4, 12.One of the most important developments in dental implantology occurred in 1957, when a Swedish orthopedic surgeon by the name of Per-Ingvar Brånemark began studying bone healing and regeneration and discovered that bone could grow in proximity with the titanium (Ti), and that it could effectively be adhered to the metal without being rejected13. Therefore, Brånemark called this phenomenon 'osseointegration', and he carried out many further studies using both animal and human subjects. In 1965, he placed the first Ti dental implants into a 34-year-old human patient with missing teeth due to severe chin and jaw deformities. Brånemark inserted four Ti fixtures into the patient's mandible, and several months later he used the fixtures as the foundation for a fixed set of prosthetic teeth4. The dental implants served for more than 40 years, until the end of the patient's life2, 3, 4, 10, 11, 13.Brånemark published many studies on the use of Ti implants, and between 1978 and 1981, he cofounded a company for the development and marketing of dental implants. Brånemark's discovery had such a profound impact in dentistry that to the present day, over 7 million Brånemark System implants have now been placed and hundreds of other companies produce dental implants11, 13.In May of 1982, Brånemark presented the results of his 15 years of human and animal research at the Toronto Conference on Osseointegration in Clinical Dentistry, and shortly after the conference, researchers from the United States were trained in Brånemark's methods in Sweden4, 14.In 1982, the US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of Ti dental implants, and in 1983, Dr. Matts Andersson developed the Procera (Nobel Biocare, Zurich, Switzerland) computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) method of high precision, repeatable manufacturing of dental crowns15. Recent progress in the past century has focused on materials and techniques to improve quality and anchorage16; and after the mid-1980s, other important developments in dental implantology have been focused in the esthetic restorations4.The development of modern ceramics started in 1992; and from that time on, dental implant companies, have incorporated ceramic surface treatments and ceramic-like elements to implants with the purpose of further enhancing osseointegration3, 15.Today, approximately 450, 000 osseointegrated dental implants are being placed every year, with an expectation of 95% success rate (in the case of single tooth replacement with an implant supported crown), with minimum risks and associated complications4.III. Types of Dental ImplantsThere are have been four main types of dental implant designs that have been developed and used in clinical dentistry, including a subperiosteal form, blade form, ramus frame, and endosseous form17. However, the large scope of this review will focus on endosseous implants which are the most used in dentistry today.Endosseous dental implants are typically screw-shaped, inserted into either the maxilla or mandible, and serve to replace the tooth root. Typically, dental implants are made out of grade 4 commercially pure Ti because it is corrosion resistant and stronger than other grades. However, Ti alloys, mainly Ti6Al4V, are also used since it is stronger and more fatigue resistant that pure Ti18. In bulk form, endosseous implants largely differ by the overall shape of the implant (e.g., tapered versus cylindrical) and macro-topography. Several parameters in the design of endosseous implants affect survival rates of implants, including: body shape, size, chemical surface composition, and topographical features among other factors.1. Macro features of endosseous implantsDental implants are designed to achieve primary mechanical stability and to promote a strong bone-implant interaction over time through osseointegration19, 20. For endosseous implants, there are three major macro-aspects: 1) screw threads, 2) solid body press-fit designs (cylindrical, conical), and/or 3) porous-coated designs21, 22. Each configuration affects the long-term biomechanical properties at the bone-implant interface and they largely determine success or failure of the implant. Bone adapts to stress concentrations from the implant interface by inducing either hypertrophy or atrophy23, 24. Thus, an optimal shape will allow for equal distribution of stress to the surrounding bone matrix and to promote bone growth.Screw thread type implants are the most popular type of root implant due to their proven success25 and great initial retention strengths9. Several parameters in the thread design affect the success of the implant, including thread pitch, thread height, and thread configuration (v-shaped, square-shaped, etc)9. It should be noted that cortical bone is not significantly affected by the shape of the implant26. However, the behavior of trabecular bone is greatly influenced by the shape of the threads26.Thread pitch is the distance from the center of one thread to the center of the next thread. Pitch predominantly plays a role in determining available surface area for bone interaction and is thus an important design parameter9. For a fixed length screw, the lower the pitch, the more threads there are available. Chun et al.27 showed that by decreasing pitch length, maximum effective stresses decrease, thus indicating that less stress exposed to bone is required to hold the implant stable. From the same study, it was shown that increasing the length of the implant decreased the maximum effective stress. In a similar 2-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA) by Motoyoshi et al.28, a decrease in pitch resulted in a decrease of maximum effective strength. However, the influence of stress distributions as a result of pitch were unclear.As reviewed by Geng et al.29 in 2004, there are four common thread configurations: v-thread, thin-thread, reverse buttress, and square thread. Using FEA, Geng et al.29 showed that truncated v-thread (0.1 mm width thread apex) and a large square thread (0.36 mm thread width) designs are beneficial in dissipating stresses evenly and that thin thread type forms (0.1 mm width) should be avoided due to large stress concentrations in bone. However, other FEA studies suggest that thread profiles do not affect von Mises stress distributions in bone30. In an animal study, square thread implants outperformed v-thread and buttress designs in bone-to-implant contact and torque removal after 12 weeks31.Among the various parameters, screws can be self-tapping, thus negating the need to drill pilot holes. However, it was reported that the initial stability of non-self-tapping implants was greater compared to self-tapping implants of the same material using polyurethane blocks to simulate bone with resonance frequency analysis32. This is thought to be attributed to greater surface area available on non-self-tapping screws due the availability of more threads32.There is great debate in the optimal overall shape of the implant (i.e., threaded versus smooth). As previously stated, initial mechanical stability largely determines the success of an implant. As such, mechanical considerations must first be taken into account to minimize micromovement of the implant once loaded20. In comparing threaded cylindrical implants versus threaded conical implants, Kim et al.33 found that the primary stability of conical implants is greater than cylindrical implants. However, the results of this canine study showed that cylindrical implants had higher success rates, though they it was not significantly different33. Conical implants were thought to cause over compression on the surrounding bone matrix, thus causing biological damage33. In an animal study, comparing threaded Ti implants, threaded hydroxyapatite coated Ti implants, and smooth Ti implants, threaded implants outperformed smooth implants with survival rates of 95.5% to 75.4%, respectively25.2. Implant-abutment connectionThe implant-abutment connection can be thought of as the head of the implant; the function of the connection is to provide a means to apply torque to screw the body of the implant into bone and to provide a second-stage connection for the abutment34. There are 2 basic forms of the connector consisting of either an internal or external connector which is typically hex shaped. In both cases with respect to coupling, the head must prevent rotation of the abutment and allow for the use of interchangeable parts in the case that a component needs to be replaced35. Originally, the external hex connector was developed but was redesigned so that it could withstand higher occlusal forces and minimize micro-movement between the implant and the abutment since this interface determines joint strength35. Internal hex implants were then developed to increase stability between the implant and abutment.IV. Implant Requirements and DesginSince the use of dental implants has a long history, there are many factors that have been recognized as critical for the successful performance of the implants8. One of the most important factors is biocompatibility; which not only involves compatibility of the material with the tissue but its ability to perform a specific function. Therefore, this property is not dependent just on the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of the material, but also by the application in which the material is used. In the case of dental implants, the biocompatibility of materials is evaluated by studying the direct interactions between the implant and the tissues, which is a measurement of the degree of osseointegration1, 2, 36. In order to improve osseointegration; therefore long-term success of the implants, the following variables are critical and should be considered in the design of dental implants include biomaterials composition, implant width length and geometry, biomechanical factors, surface characteristics, medical status of the patient, bone quality and Dr. PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU-DR SAAGU TOOTH ART-14-SCF, BLOCK-ISARABHA NAGAR LUDHIANA M-9876044222www.drsaagutoothart.in- [ ]
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Latest dental treatment in Ludhiana The field of dentistry is constantly evolving and changing to best suit patient needs. 123Dentist is always on the lookout for new and emerging technology to make our patients’ experience as comfortable as possible. Here is just a few of the different technologies that 123Dentist practices use to ensure we provide world-class service to all our patients:1. VELscope—VELscope is a special type of light that a dentist will shine in a patient’s mouth to detect any abnormalities. This new form of technology is effectively used to detect early forms of cancer or disease during an oral cancer screening.2. Digital X-Rays—Digital X-rays are faster and contain less radiation than traditional X-rays. When a patient has a digital X-ray done, the image appears on the computer in a matter of seconds. Your dentist can then zoom into the image to better assess and educate the patient regarding their oral health. Digital X-rays are also less harmful for patients as they contain up to 90% less radiation compared to traditional X-rays.3. Invisalign—Invisalign are clear, practically invisible braces that can gently straighten your teeth. They provide an effective and comfortable way to straighten your smile without the inconvenience of wearing heavy, metal braces. Invisalign braces are easy to take out for cleaning and don’t require a restriction on what type of foods to eat. They get the job done in less time with less hassle.4. Laser Dentistry—Lasers are used to improve efficiency and eliminate discomfort in a number dental procedures, including filling cavities, reducing tooth sensitivity, getting rid of tumors, and whitening. Laser dentistry is fast, painless, and can effectively eliminate any form of bacteria during the procedure to avoid any further complications or problems.5. Dental Implants—Dental implants are screw-replacements for the root portion of missing teeth. Implants are used to restore healthy smiles when patients have missing teeth. Implants are effective because they can replace missing teeth, while still giving the patient the feel and look of a natural tooth.6. HealOzone—HealOzone is a fast, easy and painless way to eliminate tooth decay. HealOzone is effective because it contains ozone (O3), which is a common, natural gas that effectively kills bacteria and fungus. HealOzone is a great tool to detect and get rid of any early signs of tooth decay before it progresses to a more advanced stage.7. DIAGNOdent— DIAGNOdent is a new, state of the art device that dentists use to detect cavities that are hiding in places regular x-rays can’t find. It ensures that your mouth has been thoroughly checked for early signs of cavities to avoid you having to spend more in the future if the cavities progress and expand.8. Intraoral Camera—The intraoral camera is a tool that dentists use to gain precise and well-defined pictures of hard to see places within a patient’s mouth. The camera also allows dentist to show these images to patients while assessing and educating the patient’s needs. This new form of technology allows dentist to conduct a thorough checkup of your mouth and better assess their patient’s oral care needs.9. Zoom! Whitening—Zoom! Whitening is a new, state of the art whitening treatment that gives our patients fast and easy results. In just one appointment, Zoom! Whitening can make a significant change in a person’s smile and can make their teeth up to eight shades whiter.10. Nitrous Oxide and (Intravenous) IV Sedation—Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, can calm a patient down to a point that they are relaxed but can still interact with their dentist. On the other hand, IV sedation puts a patient to sleep completely so that they are unaware of what happened during their dental session. This is usually recommended for patients who are fearful of going to the dentist or for procedures that are painful such as wisdom teeth extraction.Visit a 123Dentist location today! By using new and advancing technology in our dental practices, we can make your visit as comfortable and efficient as possible!Dr. PRABHJOT SINGH SAAGU-DR SAAGU TOOTH ART-14-SCF, BLOCK-ISARABHA NAGAR LUDHIANA M-9876044222www.drsaagutoothart.in-latest technology in dentistry Ludhiana Good dentist Ludhiana Fillings RCT CrownLaserDental laserGum diseaseSensitive teeth treatment Ludhiana Sensitivity in teeth Pale teeth treatment Ludhiana Yellow teeth treatment Ludhiana Bleeding gums treatment Ludhiana Bad breath treatment Ludhiana Mouth ulcer treatment Swelling on face treatment Best dentist Ludhiana Bleaching of teeth Ludhiana Best Dental clinic ludhiana Dentist in Ludhiana Mouth dryness treatment Top dentist Ludhiana Too dental clinic Ludhiana Dental Implants ludhiana Best Dental Implants ludhiana
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